The conference “Afghanistan and a Just Islamic Government in the Thought of Martyr Mazari” was held on Thursday morning, March 10, 2022 in the AhlulBayt (as) World Assembly Conference Hall in Qom.
AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA): The conference “Afghanistan and a Just Islamic Government in the Thought of Martyr Mazari” was held on Thursday morning, March 10, 2022 in the AhlulBayt (as) World Assembly Conference Hall in Qom.
At the beginning of the ceremony, which took place on the occasion of the 27th anniversary of the martyrdom of Abdul Ali Mazari, leader of the Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan, with the participation of the World Assembly AhlulBayt (as), While welcoming the guests, Hojat al-Islam Zaki said, “If the government is not sound, people’s happiness will not be achieved. Moreover, monotheism and sovereignty must come from God, otherwise it is polytheism.
“Obedience to an oppressive government is not permitted, and only to a just ruler is it permitted. The ‘principle of grace’ also refers to the fact that obedience to a just ruler is permitted. Islamic rule must be inclusive,” he said.
Following this lecture, Dr. Hadi said: “Islamic government has two key concepts. One is the expression of Islamic rules and regulations, and the other is that the enforcers of the rules must be appointed by God. In Islamic government, on the other hand, Islamism, divine appointment and acceptance are the main components. People are a key pillar in an Islamic government. But Sunnis regard allegiance as a pillar and accept the rules of a governor who has strength.
“It is necessary to establish an Islamic government based on Islamic teachings, and the pillar that must be considered in this type of government is the people and the parties,” he added.
Introducing the character of Martyr Mazari, Dr. Nowruz Saberi, Scholar and Head of the Ulama Assembly of Daykundi Province said, “He was born in Mazar in June 1947 and met Allameh Balkhi in 1965. He met the ‘Imam Khomeini in Iraq. in 1976 and received books from the imam to bring to Iran. But he was stopped at the border by SAVAK.
“Martyr Mazari wanted to establish an Islamic government in the form of Velayat-e-Faqih in Afghanistan,” Dr Saberi said.
“The Islamic government should be inclusive and should not be made up of just one particular ethnic group. Government must be based on justice,” Saberi said.
“One of the characteristics of the dominance of Islam is that its law must be based on Islamic Sharia,” he said, “Another characteristic of Islamic government is its legitimacy. The leader of such a government must also be divine.
“The Mujahideen all fought the communists and won. But when the Islamic government was formed, the Shiites were ignored and they did not get any position in the government. Therefore, Martyr Mazari decided to unite all Shiite parties. He formed the Unity Party and insisted on Shia rights. At the same time, the party came under pressure from the government, and later Mazari was martyred,” he said in another part of his speech.
Dr. Hayatullah Rasuli, a professor at Al-Mustafa International University (as), said: “When concepts are not defined, ambiguity arises. There are two concepts in Islamic government: a “government” in which “Islam” reigns”.
“When Islam rules, the laws must also be Islamic. In Afghanistan, since there is no single ruling Islamic faith and absolute majority, we can only accept the law of a specific faith Where a faith does not have a majority, the law of the land should be based on general Islam, and specific laws, such as private law, should be faith-based,” he said. declared.
“The leader of a Muslim country must be a Muslim. The question arises, what denomination should the ruler follow? Problems arise if the leader is a follower of a particular denomination. Our answer to this question is that the ruler should be just, that is, not Fasiq (someone who violates Islamic law),” Dr Rasuli said.
“There are several models of Islamic government. The first pattern is that the ruler is a Nabi (a prophet who is in touch with revelations, whether he is a messenger or not) and has no error. The second model is the political theory of the Imamate, and the third is the model of the rule of a just Faqih. Therefore, if there is not only the Faqih in society, there can be no Islamic government. The fourth pattern is the rule of righteous believers. Therefore, the ruler of an Islamic country can be a Muslim and a righteous person,” he said.
“Martyr Mazari said he wanted an Islamic government that was popular, inclusive and based on justice. There is no religious or ethnic majority in Afghanistan. Therefore, the government must be formed on the basis of ethnicity,” he said.
“We could not continue the path of the Martyr Mazari. Mazari did not approve of any leader,” the Al-Mustafa (as) International University professor said in another part of his speech,
“Mazari was a supporter of the federal government. Of course, by declaring that federalism is an administrative model and not a political one,” he said.
Dr. Yousef Arefi, professor and researcher, said: “Through his leadership, Martyr Mazari could impress people. Mazari was able to lead the Hazara people. He was able to build the political capacity and power of a community that had been subjected to anger and rejected society. Martyr Mazari knew the problems of the Afghan people and sought scientific and practical solutions. Mazari’s discourse on ethnicity testifies to his insight and deep understanding of the Afghan people.
“In a country like Afghanistan, with many ethnicities and religious beliefs, forming a government faces many challenges,” Dr Arefi added.
“Martyr Mazari’s whole effort was to achieve justice and peaceful coexistence for the Afghan people,” he said.
At the end of the lecture, stating that the resistance is not only armed, Hojat al-Islam Shiva said: “There is also cultural and political resistance in our literature. The opinions of Martyr Mazari can be used at the national and regional levels. Because some Arab countries have similar problems to ours.
“Our situation would have been much better if the politicians had been in harmony,” Shiva added.
“There are 10,500 clerics and tens of thousands of university graduates in Afghanistan, we need to coordinate and cooperate with their enormous capacity,” he said in another part of his speech.